Environment – The Problem

Facing a crisis is widespread civilization.

The search for a new paradigm of coexistence of a relationship with the Earth as pact of society to respect and preserve everything that exists has life. We must again have hope of solution, and only from this change makes sense to start thinking of alternatives. The symptoms of this crisis are reflected in all directions:
 
 – Children are used as production workers for the world market; flagellates by many countries suffer the misery, with disease and hunger;
 
– The industry puts the fate of excluding the elderly pensioners and unemployed and the disregard of the culture of solidarity is powered by neoliberals praised the privatization of property, lack of hope for the establishment of societies culturally alienated and uprooted, living in hopes of miracle cures, the loss of a culture of sensitivity,
 
– Kindness, excess exposure to violence shown by the media without shame or scruple,
 
– The lack of morality policy, the acceptance of corruption, the illicit enrichment of politicians, – the lack of outrage and action of revolt, the carelessness with biodiversity, billions of years in knowledge accumulated by the development may disappear between our fingers, the disaffection of our Earth, 
 
– The neglect in safeguarding their wealth and natural beauty, contaminated soil, water poisoned, dense air of pollution, destruction of native forests with all the home of the beings that inhabit.  
 
A principle of self grows and tends to dominate the human mind as it seemed a normal way of thinking, capable of undermining the balance physical-chemical and ecological devastation to the planet’s biosphere, risking all sorts of living of the world. 

Life is dated some millions or billions of years of evolutionary development, threatened by the more modern and ultimate creation. This lack of which it does not identify its sources or more are recognized with the elements that formed. (Lomborg, 2002)
 
According to Sachs (1993), the world population tends to double their number by the end of the twentieth century, therefore, is essential equitable development of human society to reduce social differences.
Because those who benefit from the unequal sharing of resources on a global scale have to cede a portion of the green space they occupy those who need.  

Over years of destruction, environmental degradation and extraction of finite resources in an economic and developmental progress in accumulating wealth and unequal speed, causing climate change, threatening the habitability of the planet and the survival of the species with companies of double speed, e.g. uneven, creating real companies of apartheid.
Sachs notes that the vision is:  
 
a) The transition to a socially equitable development and respectful of nature depends on the answers brought to the crisis of institutions which in varying degrees, affects the three groups of countries: the Eastern, the South and the North and the international system;  
 
b) The future of developing countries depend on their ability to find effective settings of public and private sectors in order to regulate relations between the social and economic, on the one hand, and on the other, between the economic sphere and nature;  
 
c) The prosperity, the North appears as a model, but not feasible to extend the entire planet, the amount of resources that society demands of consumption and the amount of waste it produces and disposal in nature, so your question is required for strategies transition to a more sustainable development on a planetary scale;  
 
d) Economic growth is necessary but in no way sufficient to ensure the development, growth can support the development or real problem of poor development, which refers to the qualitative criteria. You can think about the technique of extensive growth for the intensive growth, e.g., we must oppose the idea of a civilization is the fair share of the take;  
 
e) the needs are tangible and intangible, is ethical, political, social, cultural and economic, ensuring income, improving purchasing power, access to a parcel of arable land, or a social program of distribution; 
 
 f) the industrial civilization in the north and their replicas in the south are characterized by the enormous waste of land resources, which entails the destruction of capital nature. This waste, in a way, is a reserve of development, these resources saved through a more rational administration, could finance the social spending or investment, alongside highlighting renewable resources. The needs are to refocus the science and techniques to the priorities of development, within the rules of prudence ecological, recent biotechnological progress to develop a modern industrial civilization in the production of an increasingly wide range of industrial products interacting with the many losses environment;  
 
g) from examples of successful eco development, we generalize this approach and establish, through an experiment on a larger scale, production systems designed along the lines of natural ecosystems and that meet the three fundamental principles: social equity, ecological prudence and economic efficiency.    
Also for Sachs (1993), the primary task is to define global responsibilities of different groups of countries in establishing and driving the strategies of transition to the eco development. The greater effort must be made by the North, with a commitment to search for a sustainable development on a global scale, measured by three parameters: reduction of consumption of fossil fuels, changes in lifestyle wasted, wish to establish a mechanism that ensures a positive net flow of financial and technical resources from North to South, not the  commercial viability of access to science and technology to developing countries.    
 
Deep Ecology    
 
The Deep Ecology proposed by Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess in 1973 serves as a response to the dominant view on the use of natural resources.

Arne Naess falls in the tradition of ecological-philosophical thought of Henry Thoreau, in Walden proposed, and Aldo Leopold, in his Ethics of the Earth.

Called Deep Ecology by showing a clear distinction against the dominant paradigm. And that all issues arising from the destruction are directly related to human development. 

First, the desire to assume a more comfortable life pointed the obsolescence of cream man said “modern” in its ambitions  to unravel the science that the drunk to the point of obscuring the various natural sacrifices dedicated to their discoveries and hide behind of their technologies (BOFF, 2004, p. 22).

Paraphrasing Boff (2004), we can say that it consumes much of nature to create the fastest processor ever seen, or to manufacture a machine that replaces the agricultural work of a thousand men.
 
The greed of human beings have for that is not content to live with it and sells enough to think that it is the right to do so by hiding the excuses of progress and development, and has more than , meets his state of possession of material goods in exchange for the destruction of the natural, which is beautiful, simple, but diverse.  
 
The rapidly expanding population sum in this framework of greedy humans, who have no control over their proliferation on the area of the planet where you can achieve the natural factors of population control, for it is an act of survival, e.g. man overshadows their longevity, they are able to avoid most of the factors leading to fatalities, although many others before suffering fatal situations. Is therefore an exception to the natural biological control, the human being escapes the rules of nature to balance the number of living persons.

For Boff (2004), is known as its participation in the web of life, as you would ask how independent the puzzle of life here on Earth.

Life on Earth can exist without human beings, but man cannot live without other lives to feed and exchange matter and energy. The relationship between humans and other living beings land denouncing his great folly, to satisfy your obsolescence ultimately lead to extinction several species living or indirectly affect the path to achieve its objectives superfluous.
 
The contempt in which human beings have considered other forms of life on the planet shows a lack of understanding of thin line that maintains the natural balance, which also suggests that ignores the need for maintaining this balance to perpetuate the living conditions on Earth.

An Easy Way To Discharge Stressed-Out Energy

Living in our modern culture is highly stressful. The way we live our lives often results in our nervous system becoming chaotic and discordant from the high levels of stimulation that are so rampant in our society.

Over my lifetime I have tried many modalities to relieve myself from the excessive stress I feel from being ‘out’ in the world. What I have found is that Nature is the one consistent place my body, mind and spirit automatically relaxes and comes into a state of harmonious synchrony.

One aspect of nature that creates this nervous system balance is the way we automatically shift our attention from thinking to sensing. The sights, smells, sounds and general energy level of nature is a lot more harmonious and attractive than the loud and discordant stimuli so often found in cities, the workplace and even our homes when the T.V is on.

THE POWER OF YOUR HEART FIELD
Studies have shown that when you shift to sensing, you alter the electromagnetic field of your heart. This causes the heart rate to slow as well as bringing the two parts of the nervous system into a dynamic state of alert relaxation.

The quickest and easiest way to bring yourself into this state which scientists call coherence is by actively seeking out that which you find attractive. Appreciation for beauty activates the heart’s energy field. Science has shown the electromagnetic field of the heart is huge compared to the brains. This means that the rest of the body and mind will entrain to it and create that much sort after state of relaxed ease and openness.

The more you practice direct perception and appreciation the more you will move out of ordinary thinking and into pure consciousness. It is in this state you are able to deeply rest, rejuvenate, decompress and discharge all the chaotic energies that are the seeds of so much dis-ease.

Even if you are not near natural wild places you can still look around you and seek out the beauty of nature. You can actively notice the gentle sway of a tree branch, the rustling of leaves in the breeze, the fluffy white clouds silhouetted against the deep blue sky or the delicious fragrance of daffodils coming into bloom, signaling spring and a time of rejuvenation and new beginnings.

APPRECIATING BEAUTY MEDITATION
Try the following ‘Appreciating Beauty Meditation’ taken from Empowered Nature Meditations; for Personal & Planetary Healing (available on Amazon)

1. Look around you and find something that attracts your attention. It would be better if this were something from nature such as a rock, a tree, or a flower. Gently bring your full awareness to the object you find beautiful. Become aware of the elegance of its shape, the intensity of its color, the light on its surface, and the specific presence of the item. Ask yourself what makes this item unique?

2. Imagine you are taking in the essence of this object. Breathe in its best qualities as if you could absorb those qualities into yourself.

3. Look at the tiniest detail and notice how each aspect contributes to the whole.

4. Now look at the entire object and sense its grandeur even though it might be small and subtle. Practice going from the small to the large view. Now try to see the object as huge, and then bring it back to normal size.

5. Blur the focus of your vision slightly and try to see a glow around the object. Can you sense a radiation of any kind from it? Ask yourself what is it you like about this object? What aspects stand out for you? These are the qualities that you already possess.

6. As you go about your day pay attention to your surroundings. Look for what you find beautiful around you. Appreciate the beauty and breathe it into yourself.

Green Programs of Study at American Colleges and Universities

Have you helped organize a local recycling project? Perhaps you’ve counted endangered migratory bird species last fall. You may have participated in a campaign about global warming. These environmentally focused activities may have sparked your interest in pursuing a green program of study in college.

So what is a “green” major? Green studies prepare students for careers which conserve and sustain natural and manmade resources while minimizing waste and pollution. Green studies, also known as environmental studies, cover a range of courses. After completing prerequisite courses, students choose their area of focus such as agroecology or energy efficient architecture. Majors such as wildlife biology or forestry also fit the green studies definition.

Green programs are offered at private liberal arts colleges as well as state universities across the US. Middlebury College in Vermont was the first postsecondary institution to offer an environmental studies degree in 1965. Green programs of study are available at UC-Santa Barbara, the University of Vermont, Unity College and the University of Oregon, just to name a few.

The programs are generally divided into two tracks: environmental studies and environmental science. Environmental studies programs emphasize social sciences, public policy and the built environment. Environmental sciences programs focus on natural sciences including agriculture, biology and geography. Two examples are Dartmouth College and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Dartmouth offers an environmental studies major and a minor in environmental science. Students must take prerequisite courses in economics, calculus and a physical science. Core courses examine human relationships to the environment. Elective courses allow a student to focus on their area of interest, culminating in a research project or thesis. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln offers an environmental studies major through one college and a environmental science major through another college. The programs are interdisciplinary and tailored to individual student goals. Core courses in earth systems, environmental science and social science are shared by both majors. Students chose from a range of core courses such as energy systems, groundwater geology and ecological anthropology.

What kind of job can you get with a green B.A. or B.S. degree? Environmental studies graduates can find work in fields such as education, journalism, conservation and public policy. People earning environmental science degrees may work in biological research, food production systems, and environmental engineering. You’ll have the flexibility to work in diverse settings throughout your career. Use keywords such as environmental studies or ecology when searching online.

Environmental Scientist Jobs – Are You Interested in a Career As a Hydrologist?

Hydrologists and environmental scientists are responsible for using their knowledge of the earth in order to protect the environment, which can include studying water and how humans use it. These scientists will conduct research in order to eliminate environmental hazards, which can contaminate the water supply, as well as the air and soil.

Environmental scientists will create safer policies for commercial and industrial waste in order to better manage the environment, while hydrologists will specifically focus on the properties of water. Hydrologists will study how water circulates in ecosystems, from precipitation to rainfall, and how it moves around the globe.

Both types of professionals will work as consultants helping businesses comply with governmental environmental policies, sometimes involved in long-term projects over an extended period of years. Environmental scientists may tackle such issues as groundwater contamination and ozone layer depletion, and they will often specialize in some fields.

Environment ecology involves the study of organisms and the relationship to their environment by learning about population sizes, rainfall, temperatures, and other factors, while ecological modelers will study ecosystems using mathematical modeling. These professionals will study the toxicity of both organic and inorganic chemicals.

Most professionals will work 40 hours a week, although they may have to go out into the weather in order to conduct research. Most environmental scientists and hydrologists will work in a comfortable laboratory or office environment, with travel sometimes needed in order to meet with clients.

These professionals will usually have a masters degree, although some who specialize in teaching at a college level will require a doctorate degree. In 2006, these professionals had about 92,000 jobs in America, with about a third of these working for the Federal government, while others worked for states or private consulting firms.

Job prospects for these individuals are expected to undergo an explosive rate of growth over the next ten years at about 25%, so any individual who obtains the requisite college experience should have no problem gaining employment in these fields.

In 2006, the middle 50th percentile of environmental scientists made between $42,840 and $74,480 with hydrologists making between $51,370 and $82,140, with the National Association of Colleges and Employers reporting that entry level salary offers in 2007 for environmental science graduates coming to $38,336 a year.